As with most other professions, hobbies or pastimes, oil painting comes with a overwhelming array of extra equipment, accessories and latest must-haves, that some people will say you need if you’re serious about making great art. Like most other professions, hobbies or pastimes, you need very little of it. In fact, you can be at a distinct disadvantage if you own and use too much ‘art fluff’, because you risk becoming a jack of all trades ( accessories ), and the master of none.
Imagine if you’d told Rembrandt that if he was really serious about his painting he should stop using his basic set-up, and instead grab himself 9 different types of red and some ‘revolutionary’ new brushes with a well known artist’s name on them, he’d probably have smacked you in the head with his home made mahl stick and thrown you out of his studio on you ear.
I’m not going to deny that it’s fun to get a new art gadget or some new tubes of paint you haven’t tried before at Christmas ( I have a couple, ..okay, lots ), or indeed, sometimes useful to own a certain amount of fluffy art equipment, but you don’t NEED any of those extras to paint great pictures.
You basically need 3 things to paint with oils:
1) Oil Paint
If you want to spend money, this is where to spend it. Good oil paint really is worth the extra cost. Not only does better paint have more pigment in it ( less filler ), it covers better, flows better, looks richer, and goes much further.
Cheaper paint has synthetically produced pigment in it, not the same pigment as in more expensive paints. This isn’t necessarily a bad thing though, if you use large quantities of a certain colour it often makes sense to get a tube of students grade, rather than the much more expensive artists grade paint. I usually use students grade Ultra Marine Blue, Cadmium Red, Cadmium Orange and a couple of others colours.
Try and avoid very cheap oil paint, it has no body, very little pigment, is hard to use and liable to put you off oil painting altogether if you’re a beginner.
Expensive brushes will have you painting like De Vinci in no time, right? ..wrong. Save your money for the paint.
Depending on your painting style, oil painting can be very hard on brushes, and canvas is very abrasive, wearing brushes down quickly. Your brushes will be ruined before you can say.. ‘jeez.. that brush cost me £10’. So in general, buy cheaper brushes. It can be useful to buy a couple of better quality small brushes, rigger brushes for instance, that you might need for fine detail or signing your artwork.
Canvas, stretched canvas, hardboard, MDF, the side of last weeks breakfast cereal packet… e.t.c.
MDF ( medium density fibreboard ) and Hardboard ( high density fibreboard ) are both great to paint on once sealed with a primer or gesso, and much cheaper to paint on than stretched canvas. At the time of writing you can buy a 8 x 4 foot sheet of hardboard, here in the UK, for £10 approx. If, like me, you paint on canvas, it pays to get good canvas. The wooden supports used for making cheap canvases can warp, and the actual canvas is coarse and of poor quality, meaning unless primed many times it will suck the life out of your paint..
If you plan on selling your paintings, cheap canvasses won’t do at all. Of course you can practice on cheap canvases, but don’t use them for anything else. If the cost of good quality stretched canvas is prohibitive, then try hardboard or MDF, it’s much cheaper and great to paint on.
4) Yes I know I said 3 things, …but…
You might need one more thing – paint thinners. There are many sorts of paint thinners available, like turpentine, odour-free thinners, turps substitute, e.t.c.. , but some ordinary white spirits from your local hardware store is just the ticket for cleaning brushes and equipment, and also handy for getting paint off walls, trousers, shirt, carpet, ..the cat, e.t.c.
Painting ‘mediums’ is a whole other ball game, but I won’t cover those here as they are not a strictly a necessity.
With that said, let me show you what I have on my painting table and in my paint box, and that I use on a daily basis:
So, if you find yourself daunted by the vast array of paints, brushes, mediums, do-dads, thingamies and accessories out there, rest assured that you need very little of it to get going, so just get the basics listed above and enjoy painting.